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The village linden tree in Vrba

The linden tree in the village of Vrba is more than 200 years old. Sixteen stones have been placed in an arrangement under its canopy. In bygone days, every master in Vrba had his own stone – this was the meeting place for the village elders who would traditionally meet under this tree to discuss village issues and to decide on important matters. They did not write down their agreements, yet what was agreed upon held good. A linden tree in the centre of the village is not a rare sight in Slovenia, however, the linden tree in Vrba is the only one with preserved stones

The Prešeren monument in Vrba

The statue of France Prešeren in Vrba is the first statue of the poet. It was made by the academic sculptor Franc Ksaver Zajec in 1865. For a long time the statue was believed to have been lost, however, it was found again in 1991. The plaster original was restored and four bronze casts were made. The monument with Zajec’s depiction of Prešeren in Vrba is the work of the sculptor Vasja Ulrich. It was unveiled on 3 December 2000, marking the 200th anniversary of the poet’s birth. It is placed in such a way that it welcomes every visitor to the village of Vrba.

Villa rustica

Villa rustica (a countryside villa) was the term used by the ancient Romans to denote a villa set in the open countryside, often as the hub of a large agricultural estate (latifundium). A villa rustica would thus serve both as a residence of the landowner and his family (and retainers) and also as a farm management centre. It would often comprise separate buildings to accommodate farm labourers and sheds and barns for animals and crops.

Villa rustica in Ključe in the village of Rodine is a characteristic archaeological site from the Roman period in the 2nd century. The rural Roman villa, surrounded by walls, comprised numerous residential and commercial buildings. The configuration of the site can still be seen in the ground.

Plečnik’s Monument in Breznica

The obelisk, the work of the architect Jože Plečnik, located in front of the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows in the village of Breznica, is dedicated to the victims of the First World War. It was made by Alojzij Vurnik, a stonecutter from Radovljica, while the statue of St. Christopher is the work of the sculptor Boris Kalin. There are 54 names of the fallen engraved on the monument with an inscription by the writer Fran Saleški Finžgar. The monument was unveiled on 20 September 1931.

The Završnica Reservoir water retention basin

The surge tank above the village of Žirovnica, with its intriguing façade that can be seen from a great distance, was built in 1914 for the Završnica hydropower plant and later used by the Moste hydroelectric power station. Water from the Završnica reservoir flows into the 16-metre-high surge tank and flows out through a 900-metre-long pipe and into the engine room of the power plant. There are steps leading to the top of the water reservoir which serves as a magnificent viewpoint.

 

The Avenue of Famous Men

In his renowned work from 1912 ‘Brezniška pridiga’ (A Breznica Sermon), Tomo Zupan, a linguist that specialised in France Prešeren’s works, listed 120 remarkable men who were born in the parish of Breznica parish and who influenced Slovenian culture and science. The avenue of famous men, in front of Žirovnica primary school, unites five of the most famous among them. The busts of Anton Janša, Matija Čop, Dr France Prešeren, Franc Saleški Finžgar and Janez Jalen were created by the sculptors Zdenko Kalin, Jaka Torkar and Bojan Kunaver.

‘Stagne’ Zabreznica–Vrba

Stagne (a natural path or path to pasture) is a path or cart track of 800m in length that runs alongside a tree-lined lane of mostly oak and linden trees. Just two decades ago, villagers were still taking cattle to pasture through ’stagne’ – places where trees and bushes kept the cattle in one group and prevented them from destroying the ploughed fields. The second function of a ’stagne’ was that of a natural barrier for the village of Vrba, shielding it from strong winds – the Karavanke foehn wind.

’Stagne’ in Slovenia are disappearing and there are no others known to be remaining in the vicinity.

The hostage memorial in Moste

The statue of a hostage and twenty-nine monuments beside the road in the village of Moste serve as a memorial to the hostages that the Nazi German Gestapo brought from the nearby Begunje prison on 1 July 1942 and who were later shot. This act was in response to the action of the Partisan Cankar Battalion soldiers who had demolished two bridges in Moste just a few days earlier in order to cut-off the Third Reich from the railway line and road connection.