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Village linden tree in Vrba

The linden in the village of Vrba is more than 200 years old. Under its canopy, 16 stones have been arranged. In old times, every master in Vrba had his own stone- this was the meeting place of the elders of the village, who would traditionally meet under this tree to discuss village issues and decided on important matters. They did not write down their agreements, yet what was agreed upon held good. A linden tree in the centre of the village is not a rare sight in Slovenia, however, the linden tree in Vrba is the only one with preserved stones.

The Prešeren monument in Vrba

The statue of France Prešeren in Vrba is the first statue of the poet. It was made by an academic sculptor Franc Ksaver Zajec in 1865. For a long time, the statue was believed to be lost, however, it was found again in 1991. The plaster original has been restored and four bronze casts were made. The monument with Zajec’s depiction of Prešeren in Vrba was sculptured by the sculptor Vasja Ulrich. It was unveiled on 3 December 2000, marking the 200th anniversary of the poet’s birth. It is placed in such a way it welcomes every visitor to the village of Vrba.

Villa rustica

Villa rustica (countryside villa) was the term used by the ancient Romans to denote a villa set in the open countryside, often as the hub of a large agricultural estate (latifundium). The villa rustica would thus serve both as a residence of the landowner and his family (and retainers) and also as a farm management centre. It would often comprise separate buildings to accommodate farm labourers and sheds and barns for animals and crops.

Villa rustica in Ključe at Rodine village is a characteristic archaeological site from the Roman period in the 2nd century. The rural Roman villa, surrounded by walls, comprised numerous residential and commercial buildings. Their ground plan can still be seen in the ground configuration.

Plečnik’s monument in Breznica

The obelisk, a work of the architect Jože Plečnik, in front of the church of Lady of the Sorrows in Breznica village, is dedicated to the victims of the First World War. It was made by Alojzij Vurnik, a stonecutter from Radovljica, while the Statue of St. Christopher was made by the sculptor Boris Kalin. There are 54 names of the fallen engraved in the monument with an inscription by writer Fran Saleški Finžgar. The monument was unveiled on 20 September 1931.

Water retention basin

The surge tank above Žirovnica village, with its intriguing façade that can be seen from a great distance was built in 1914 for the Hydroelectric Power Plant Završnica and later HE Moste. Water from the Završnica lake flows into the 16-metre-high surge tank and flows out through the 900-metre-long hose and into the engine room of the power plant. There are steps leading to the top of the water reservoir serving as a magnificent viewing point.

The avenue of famous men (“Aleja slavnih mož”)

In his renowned work from 1912 Brezniška pridiga -Breznica Sermon, Tomo Zupan, a linguist specialized in France Prešeren’s works, counted 120 remarkable men that were born in the Breznica parish and influenced Slovenian culture and science. The avenue of famous men in front of the Žirovnica primary school unites five of the most famous among them. Anton Janša’s, Matija Čop’s, Dr France Prešeren’s, Franc Saleški Finžgar’s and Janez Jalen’s busts were created by the sculptors Zdenko Kalin, Jaka Torkar and Bojan Kunaver.

Stagne Zabreznica – Vrba

Stagne (a natural path, path for pasture) is a path or a cart track of 800m in length, running by a tree-lined lane of mostly oak and linden trees. Just two decades ago, villagers were still taking cattle to pasture through “stagne” -places where trees and bushes kept the cattle in one group and prevented them from destroying the ploughed fields. The second function of “stagne” was that of a natural barrier for the village of Vrba, shielding the village from strong winds – the Karavanke foehn wind.

“Stagne” in Slovenia are disappearing and there are no known “stagne” left in the vicinity.

The hostage memorial in Moste

A statue of the hostage and twenty-nine monuments by the road in Moste village serve as a memorial to the hostages that Nazi German Gestapo brought from the nearby Begunje prison on 1 July 1942 and were later shot. This act was the answer to the action of the Partisan Cankar Battalion soldiers, that had torn down two bridges in Moste just a few days earlier to disconnect the train line and the road connection with the Third Reich.